About the Hindu Rashtra Dal

The Hindu Rashtra Dal's Vision for India

The lead-up to Indian independence in 1947 was a time of intense debate about the nation's future. While Mahatma Gandhi championed a secular, pluralistic India, others like the Hindu Mahasabha envisioned a different path.

Competing Visions of Nationhood:

The Hindu Mahasabha, then a prominent Hindu nationalist party, advocated for a united India with Hindus holding primacy. They vehemently opposed the Muslim League's demand for a separate Muslim state (Pakistan). Gandhi, on the other hand, sought a unified India transcending religious identities.

Emergence of the Hindu Rashtra Dal:

A sub-group within the Hindu Mahasabha, the Hindu Rashtra Dal, emerged during this period. Their ideology centered on establishing a Hindu Rashtra (nation) with Muslims and Christians relegated to a subordinate status. This vision directly clashed with Gandhi's inclusive vision of India.

Partition and Escalating Tensions:

Partition in 1947, marked by horrific violence, further polarized Hindu-Muslim relations. Gandhi's efforts to foster unity and advocate for displaced Muslims angered the Hindu Rashtra Dal, who saw it as appeasement.

The Assassination of Gandhi:

In 1948, Nathuram Godse, a founder of the Hindu Rashtra Dal, assassinated Gandhi. Godse believed Gandhi's actions weakened Hindu nationalism.


While the Hindu Rashtra Dal's ideology did not prevail at the time, the assassination underscored the deep societal divisions which are converting modern India into the HRD's vision of a Hindu Nation called "Akhand Hindustan"

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